The ‘EMC NAS Plug-in’ is required in order to enable VAAI (vSphere APIs for Array Integration) operations on ‘NFS Datastores’ on an ESXi 5.x host. If you are not familiar with VAAI; the purpose of enabling the VAAI API is to offload certain storage related I/O tasks to the storage array. As a result this will reduce the I/O requirement on the ESXi hosts and their associated networks. Instead of the ESXi host using resources to send I/O across the network for such tasks as Storage vMotion or cloning a VM, the hypervisor will now just send the NFS related commands that are required for the storage array to perform the necessary data movement. For block based storage arrays the VAAI primitives are available as default on the ESXi host and no plug-in is required.
Installation Of The NAS Plug-In On ESXi 5.x
1. Upload the .zip install package (EMCNasPlugin-1.0-11.zip) to the ESXi datastore.
2. Open an SSH Session to the ESXi host and change directory to the location of the install package:
# cd /vmfs/volumes/
If you need to list the name of your datastore:
/vmfs/volumes # ls -l
/vmfs/volumes # cd /vmfs/volumes/DatastoreName/
ls again to confirm the .zip package is present.
3. Ensure the NAS Plug-In is VMwareAccepted:
/vmfs/volumes/DatastoreName # esxcli software sources vib list -d file:///vmfs/volumes/DatastoreName/EMCNasPlugin-1.0-11.zip
Acceptance Level: VMwareAccepted
4. Run the installation:
/vmfs/volumes/DatastoreName # esxcli software vib install -n EMCNasPlugin -d file:///vmfs/volumes/DatastoreName/EMCNasPlugin-1.0-11.zip
Installation Result: completed successfully
Reboot Required: true
VIBs Installed: EMC_bootbank_EMCNasPlugin_1.0-11
5. Reboot the ESXi host and confirm the EMCEMCNasPlugin vib is loaded:
~ # esxcli software vib list | grep EMCNasPlugin
VAAI Example: ‘Full File Clone’ Primitive Operation With VNXe
‘Full File Clone’ is one of the VAAI NAS primitives which is used to copy or migrate data within the same physical array (Block equivalent is known as XCOPY). In this example we are using a ‘VNXe 3150’ with two NFS Datastores presented to one ESXi 5.5 host with the NAS Plug-In installed (VAAI enabled) and another ESXi 5.5 host without the NAS Plug-In installed (VAAI disabled).
Running a Storage vMotion from the NFS01 datastore to NFS02 on the ESXi host with VAAI enabled generates zero network traffic:
Running a Storage vMotion from the NFS01 datastore to NFS02 on the ESXi host without VAAI enabled maxes out the 1Gig ethernet link on the Host:
This is a rather simple example but it displays how the primitive operates by offloading the I/O tasks to the VNXe array.
Note: If you are accessing the NFS datastore directly via the datastore browser for Copy/Paste functionality then you will not see any benefit from VAAI. This is because the datastore browser has its own API and does not use the internal VMkernel Data Mover or VAAI.
VNXe CPU performance stats during the first SVMotion with VAAI enabled displays approximately 20% Storage Processor utilization and without VAAI enabled you can see CPU % at approx 70% util:
Note: For the ‘Full File Clone’ primitive to perform the offload during an SVMotion the VM needs to be powered off for the duration of the SVMotion.
See also Cormac Hogan’s blog post: VAAI Comparison – Block versus NAS